How To Control Midge Pests
Midges are tiny flies that have a big impact on your garden plants. They are destructive insects that can prevent flowers from blooming and form unsightly knots on plant stems and leaves. Read on for information on blossom midge control. What is Blossom Midge? There are over 100 species of midge (Contarinia spp.). Each species attacks a different type of plant or a small group of closely related plants. Some of the flowers affected by blossom or gall midge insects include:
They aren’t all bad guys, though. Some species of Contarinia are beneficial insects, such as the aphid midge, which attacks aphids. Blossom midges are tiny flies, about the size of a gnat. You are unlikely to see the flies because of their size, so watch for the damage they cause. Midge larvae feed inside unopened flowers. This can result in misshapen flowers and damaged petals, or it may prevent the flower from ever opening. Unopened flowers may drop to the ground. The maggots of gall-forming species feed on plant tissue that swells around them. If you cut into the swollen masses or distortions (galls) you will find tiny, orange larva no more than one-twelfth inch in length. The adult flies overwinter in the soil and emerge in the spring to lay their eggs in developing flower buds. Early-blooming plants that are in the bud stage when the flies emerge are more susceptible to damage than late varieties. After the larva feed, they drop to the ground to pupate in the soil, later emerging as adults.
How to Control Midge Pests
Gall or blossom midges are hard to control with insecticides because the larvae are inside the galls or buds where the insecticide can’t reach them. The best method of control is to remove the infested parts of the plants and pick up all of the buds or other plant parts that drop to the ground. Never compost the infested plant material. Instead, bag the waste securely and discard it.
Use IT04 mosquito trap to catch wheat midges. One of these new solution developed by QM is called the IT04 outdoor mosquito trap, by using photo catalysis of TIO2( titanium dioxide). When a titanium dioxide surface is irradiated by light, the photo catalytic effect and hydrophilic are activated together. Any organic chemical in contact with the surface will undergo decomposition to CO2 and H2O and thus releasing a smell that attracts female mosquitoes. IT04 mosquito trap is also works for wheat midges.
Comparing the old heavy propane mosquito trap, the IT04 mosquito trap (for outdoor) and the MBOX mosquito trap (for indoor) of QM is more convenient and affordable.The IT04 is combine with solar panel so that it don’t need to lay the wire. QM’s tech is more ecofriendly and increases the chances of catching more female mosquitoes. Besides, you won’t hear a zap anymore when it working.