Mosquito Control in Summer
Weather is getting warmer and warmer, summer will be here, bringing with it longer days, warmer temperature and mosquitoes. It’s prime time to enjoy life in your backyard. Unlike past summers, however, mosquitoes may cause you and your family far more trouble than the occasional itch. Now they may carry the dangerous West Nile Virus.
A mosquito-free backyard means that you can enjoy dinner outside in the peaceful area you created, or watch the moon rise without constantly slapping and swatting. While eliminating all mosquitoes is not possible, there are steps you can take to minimize their interference with your fun and greatly reduce the possibility of your exposure to the diseases they may carry.
While mosquito-borne illnesses are often associated with tropical and sub-tropical climates, the temperate climate of the North American continent has in the past supported autochthonous transmission of diseases like malaria and yellow fever. Prior to Yellow Fever elimination efforts, which targeted the Aedes aegypti mosquitoes in the 1960’s, nearly erasing that vector from the Americas, vector-borne Yellow Fever outbreaks occurred seasonally as far north as Boston.3 Since the 1980s, vector control efforts have been cut back, or been hampered by a lack of effective pesticides, allowing the Aedes species to return to both North and South America and the Caribbean. Revised vector surveillance estimates by the CDC show that Aedes aegypti is present over a wider geographic area in the US than previously thought–as far North as New York and Northern California. Recently, the Aedes vectors have sparked US outbreaks of dengue and chikungunya in which local transmission has occurred, and autochthonous transmission of Zika virus is expected to occur in the US in the coming months. Such outbreaks have major public health and economic implications that have spurred more aggressive control campaigns in some locations in the Southern US and Hawaii.
DEET remains the gold standard of currently available insect repellents. The chemical was discovered by US Department of Agriculture scientists and patented by the US Army in 1946. It was registered for use by the public in 1957. Twenty years of empiric testing of more than 20,000 other chemical compounds has not resulted in another marketed product with the duration of protection and broad-spectrum effectiveness of deet.
DEET is sold under numerous brand names and is available in various forms, such as creams, lotions, sprays, and extended-release formulations (Figure). Concentrations of DEET range from about 5% to 100% and, generally, products with higher concentrations have longer repellent times. However, at some point, the correlation between concentration and repellence is lost. For example, in one study, 50% DEET provided about 4 hours of protection against Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, but increasing the concentration to 100% provided only 1 additional hour of protection.
Effective control of mosquito vectors is difficult to accomplish. Standing water control measures rely on high community compliance to achieve meaningful reductions of breeding sites, which are often located on private property. While this intervention is important for control, it is usually not sufficient. In addition to elimination of standing water, insecticides/larvicides have traditionally been a primary method of mosquito control. However, insecticide use for vector control has, in some cases, sparked concern among populations desiring a less “toxic” approach. The use of some insecticides, like dichloro diphenyl trichloroethane (commonly known as DDT) – which are effective against mosquitoes, but can be toxic to humans and animals in certain contexts – has diminished.
Devices utilizing natural attractants can reduce large numbers of mosquitoes, especially when used regularly. Whichever control methods you utilize, remember that the mosquito life cycle is about four weeks. If you want to make a dent in their populations, you need to utilize control methods on a regular basis. The more you stick to your program, the more effective it will become. QM electric mosquito killer is the best mosquito zapper in the current market.
QM’s design team consists of a team with many years of experience in design. With constant research and development we strive with a burning passion to be the best. Combining elegant design with advanced technological functionality and finished with a touch of luxury. MBOX is one of the product of QM, which MBOX uses a new and highly effective method to catch mosquitoes. First we have to understand that only female mosquitoes need blood (protein) in order to lay eggs. Female mosquitoes track their victim through CO2 up to a range of 50meters, combined with the sense of smell of H2O, female mosquitoes are very effective in tracking their victim. MBOX uses a new method developed by Akira Fujishima (President of the Tokyo University of Science), this method uses photo catalysis of titanium dioxide (also known as the Honda-Fujishima Effect). When a titanium dioxide surface is irradiated by light, the photo catalytic effect and hydrophilic are activated together. We strive to improve your quality of life by providing solutions on mosquito control. From Design to Production, we select the best materials and combine it to give you the most effective mosquitos control systems. Easy to use and User friendly is what we believe will give you the protection you and your family deserves. http://mbox-qm.com