Mosquito Control and Preventing Diseases
With spring comes mosquitoes. In addition to being a nuisance and causing severe reactions to bites in some people, mosquitoes can also transmit diseases including malaria and St. Louis encephalitis in humans, equine encephalomyelitis in horses, heartworm disease in dogs and cats, and West Nile virus in many species.
What are mosquitoes?
Mosquitoes are insects, thus related to lice, fleas, and flies. Mosquitoes have six legs, a pair of wings, compound eyes, large antennae, and that problematic proboscis with which the females suck blood. (Male mosquitoes eat nectar.)
To make them even more pesky, it is no help that some female mosquitoes can hibernate during the winter and lay their eggs in spring. They generally travel for about 2 miles from their breeding grounds, or even further if blown by the wind.
All mosquitoes need water as a place where they can lay their eggs one at a time, or in “rafts” of up to 200 eggs, depending upon the species. The eggs hatch into larvae about 2 days after being laid. The larvae (also called ‘wigglers’) live in the water for 7-10 days while maturing into the pupal (also called ‘tumbler’) stage. In 2-3 days, these pupae have developed into adults and fly away and mate. (If you are wondering how a male and female mosquito find each other, the female’s buzzing which is made by her wings is a higher pitch than that of the male.)
Adding up the days necessary for each stage of development, you can see it only takes about 2 weeks (less if it is really warm) for the life cycle to be completed. Add the fact that each female can lay 100-400 eggs, and you can see why you can have so many mosquitoes in a very short time.
How can mosquitoes be controlled?
We can try to eliminate or reduce mosquitoes in several ways, and combining methods is best. We need to:
- Reduce reproduction by eliminating breeding sites
- Reduce the adult population and our exposure to them
- Keep the remaining mosquitoes away from us and our pets through QM electric mosquito killer
Eliminate Breeding Sites
One of the most important things to remember is that mosquitoes need stagnant water to reproduce. No water, no reproduction. Control then, is based on removing standing water, which can serve as a breeding site. Think of the things that can hold water:
- Destroy or dispose of tin cans, old tires, buckets, unused plastic swimming pools or other containers that collect and hold water. Do not allow water to accumulate in the saucers of flowerpots, cemetery urns, or in pet dishes for more than 2 days.
- In areas where standing water cannot be avoided, use a product such as “Pre-StrikeTM” pouches, which contain the insect growth regulator (IGR) S-methoprene. This stops the development of young mosquitoes into adults.
- Clean debris from rain gutters and remove any standing water under or around structures, or on flat roofs.
- Check around faucets and air conditioner units and repair leaks or eliminate puddles that remain for several days.
- Change the water in birdbaths and wading pools at least twice a week.
- Reduce mosquito breeding in ornamental ponds.
Check to see if there is an organized mosquito control program in your area. If no program exists, work with your local government officials to establish a program. The American Mosquito Control Association* (AMCA) can provide advice, and their book Organization for Mosquito Control is a useful reference. Another source of information about pesticides and repellents is the National Pesticide Information Center*, which also operates a toll-free information line: 1-800-858-7378 (check their web site for hours).
Reduce Exposure to Adult Mosquitoes
- Place mosquito netting over infant carriers when you are outdoors with infants.
- Install or repair window and door screens so that mosquitoes cannot get indoors.
- The hours from dusk to dawn are peak mosquito biting times. Consider avoiding outdoor activities during these times – or take extra care to use repellent and protective clothing during evening and early morning.
- Reduce light at night since light tends to attract mosquitoes.
- Mosquitoes are a favorite food for bats, so placing bat houses in your area would be another way to decrease the mosquito population.
- Adult mosquitoes prefer to rest where it is cool, dark, and damp, so keeping grass cut and weeds and brush under control, may encourage mosquitoes to find shelter elsewhere. There are insecticides that can be sprayed on shaded areas around buildings or the yard. Remember not to spray when or where runoff could go into lakes or rivers. Read the label on all insecticides thoroughly and apply them as directed. Remember that insecticides may kill beneficial insects as well as those we do not wish to have around.
- Since mosquitoes can fly long distances, think about getting others in your area to also control mosquitoes on their premises. Some municipalities have even hired professional mosquito control services to protect large areas from mosquitoes.
Repellents are chemical substances that mosquitoes will avoid. Repellents are useful to people working or playing in mosquito-infested areas, as a way to reduce the risk of being bitten. Repellents are formulated and sold as aerosols, creams, solids (sticks), and liquids. Be sure to read the label carefully and use the product according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Some are for use in the environment, others for clothing, and still others can be used on the skin. However, repellent is somehow bad for human’s health since it contains DEET which should be carefully used to infant and pregnant. And adults should always remember that do not allow young children to apply insect repellent to themselves; have an adult do it for them. Keep repellents out of reach of children.
QM electric mosquito killer is definitely not like repellent, it offers a safety and convenient way to preventing mosquito. QM mosquito killer is ready to help with our innovative CO2 mosquito traps, which eliminate mosquitoes and other biting insects. With our traps, you can capture and remove female mosquitoes from the breeding cycle. Once trapped inside a QM mosquito killer machine, they die of dehydration in about 24 hours. Of course, using a QM indoor mosquito trap is just one step in your home or business pest control plan! However, it is the best way for you to fight mosquitoes. We strive to improve your quality of life by providing solutions on mosquito control. From Design to Production, we select the best materials and combine it to give you the most effective mosquitos control systems. Easy to use and User friendly is what we believe will give you the protection you and your family deserves. The brand new mosquito trap – QM mosquito zapper is the best electric mosquito killer. It provides an absolutely safety way with NO noise, NO smell, No debris, NO pollution and NO chemicals in preventing mosquito from indoor or outdoor environment. Get more information from http://www.moskiller.com/.